Atopic Dermatitis (AD)
Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is the most common skin disease, first symptoms of this disease usually appear in early childhood. According to some statistics, 10-20% of children and 1-3% of adults around the world suffer from atopic dermatitis (eczema). 60% of children experience their first symptoms during the first twelve months of life. The symptoms continue up to the age of five among 90% of children.
This disease is caused by the genetically determined structure of the epidermal barrier. A deficiency of free fatty acids in this area allows the penetration of allergens which intensifies the symptoms of inflammation and itching. The epidermis is dry and thickened. Atopic dermatitis may occur together with other allergic diseases such as: bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, hives and food allergy. Environmental factors such as house dust allergens – mites, animal dander, pets hair, fungal spores and plant pollens have a significant influence on the development and exacerbation of Atopic Dermatitis.
What are the types of AD?
There are 3 different types of AD, Paediatric, Children’s and Adults Onset.